- Jun 27, 2018 -
Seven Tips to Get The Perfect Compost,
You Can Produce Fertilizer in the Yard with Life Waste
What are the most common troubles for flower buddies when composting? One is easy to have insects, and the other is very unfriendly. To solve these two problems is very simple. Keeping secrets in compost bins can avoid insects. When composting, do not put materials in order to avoid odors.
To make a fertile, well-oiled soil in the yard, you need to master the following seven secrets.
The first point: understand compost ingredients
When composting, in order to make compost more perfect, it needs two main components. The compost soil produced will contain a lot of carbon and nitrogen. The material that produces carbon is called brown material because They are usually made up of dry leaves, hay, sawdust, cardboard and dry straw.
The nitrogen-rich materials include common green materials such as fresh leaves, fresh hay leaves and peels, etc. The animal excrement we normally see is also rich in nitrogen.
When composting, it is possible to coat the bottom with a thin layer of twigs or some stalks so that a layer of water can be formed to prevent composting of the material and keep it breathable.
The second point: to create a balance between carbon and nitrogen
When composting, the interaction between carbides and nitrides must not be unbalanced. We must also pay attention to the selection of compost materials. After adding too many fallen leaves, we must also properly put in some leaves and peels. Avoid excessive carbon elements and too little nitrogen.
The third point: the addition of compost material
When composting, how do you check if compost keeps the balance between carbon and nitrogen?
If there is too much nitrogen, the compost material will become sticky. This time you need to add some defoliation, hay, and increase the carbon content of the compost.
If there is too much carbon in the compost material, then add some vegetable peel to increase nitrogen.
The waste in the kitchen is usually mainly containing nitrogen, such as common leaves, peels, etc., while the defoliation is usually supplemented with carbon, and these materials are mixed in the ratio of 1:4 is the best.
The fourth point: the time for faster fermentation
When composting, be patient. Composting needs to be kept moist, and some worms can be placed under the compost material. This will increase the speed of compost fermentation and facilitate faster decomposition.
When you want to reduce the odor during composting, you can cover some leaves, dried straw, grass clippings, etc., so that as a covering, you can enhance the beauty and reduce the odor.
When composting, add layers of material, each about 7 to 10 cm.
When composting is completed, the internal compost material is generally black at first, and the external compost material is difficult to decompose, so it is necessary to perform regular agitation.
The fifth point: Avoid excessive humidity or excessive drying
To make a perfect compost, avoid water in the area, so it is not necessary to leave a drainage hole. In order to prevent the insects from running in, the position of the drainage hole must be nailed with a gauze.
When it rains, the top of the compost box must be covered with a lid to prevent the accumulation of water in the soil. If the compost material is relatively dry, it must be added in time to keep the compost moist and not wet.
Compost should be placed in a location that avoids excessive exposure or excessive rainfall.
The sixth point: the basis of composting
In my experience, the success of composting is mainly to regulate the ratio of nitrogen and carbon in the inside, to avoid a certain amount of material, to continuously accumulate experience, do not need to look too many books, do not need a thermometer or a variety of flowers Compost bins, or various additives.
All you have to do is spend a little more time experimenting. When putting compost materials, pay attention to their amount.
When composting, regular agitation has certain advantages. It can dig up the compost that has already formed at the bottom, allowing the material in the entire compost bin to be fermented and fermented more quickly, helping to obtain a more perfect compost soil.
Seventh: Be patient
Some experienced old gardeners can produce very good compost soil in a few weeks, of course, to make liquid fertilizer faster.
However, the average flower buddy is generally three months to more than six months, in order to produce a completely fermented compost. The compost material inside must be completely decomposed and turned into black soil so that composting is completed.
Composting materials must not use some dairy products or meat products. This will affect the composting and fermentation of compost, and it will easily attract bugs and produce unpleasant odors.