- Mar 26, 2018 -
Jasmine must be maintained like this
Jasmine sex is warm and humid, and it grows best in a well-ventilated, half-negative environment. The soil is most suitable for slightly acidic sandy soils containing large amounts of humus. Most species are chilly, drought-fighting, resistant to frost, wet earthworms and alkaline earth. When the winter temperature is lower than 3°C, the branches and leaves are vulnerable to freezing injury and will die if they last for a long time. The deciduous vines are very cold and drought resistant. Jasmine can be used as tea or Chinese medicine. Jasmine originates in the Jiangnan region of China and the western region.
First, the environment and light: Jasmine sex hi, hot, humid, ventilated and breathable environment, need plenty of light. Jasmine chills, southern potted jasmine can be cultivated in the winter, the north in the autumn and winter need to do warm work, moved into the room on the south-facing direction. When the light is strong, the branches are robust, the leaves are dark green, the flowers are numerous and fragrant, and the lack of sunlight is less frequent and less fragrant.
Second, moisture: Jasmine is not tolerant to drought, but also avoid water, rainy season, timely dumping basin water, or leaves are prone to yellow. In sunny hot days in summer, it is necessary to water two times a day, once in the morning and at night, and if it is found that the leaf rolls, water should be sprayed on the leaves to promote growth.
Third, the soil: cultivation of jasmine soil to be fertile sandy and semi-sand soil is better, in the pH value of 6 to 6.5 of the slightly acidic soil planting, then the roots are dense, robust growth, such as soil quality sticky, lack of matrix, fertility Low, poor ventilation, the root system is less, plants are short, stems and leaves are slender, flowers are small and small.
Fourth, fertilization: Midsummer hot season is the jasmine growth period, apply organic fertilizer and phosphorus potassium fertilizer, such as peanut cake powder, bone meal, calcium superphosphate and multi-element flower fertilizer, applied twice a month. Jasmine often appears lush but not flowering during the summer growth period. The main reason is that too much nitrogen fertilizer is applied, resulting in leggy and leafy growth. In this case, it is necessary to control the fertilizer and water, increase the phosphorus and potassium fertilizer, and promote the gestation of flower buds. At the same time, pay attention to Jasmine moved to sunny, well-ventilated place.
5. Pruning: Jasmine grows quickly in summer and must be timely pruned. Potted jasmine prunes and retains 10 cm to 15 cm at the base. It promotes most stout shoots. If the growth is very prosperous, it should be picked up when it grows 10 cm. The second shoot is more flowering and compact. After the flower fades, the squid should be cut off in time to reduce the consumption of nutrients, and it can also promote the growth of new shoots, which results in dense branches, multiple shoots, and more flowering.
6. Pest Control: Insect pests are often found in jasmine larvae, scale insects, and red spiders. They are most severe from July to September. They often eat buds. They can be sprayed with universal powder or methional-water 200 times, spraying every half a month. Once, that is, there should be no pests and diseases should be sprayed, so that the prevention of the first, the spraying time is sunny at 9 am and 4 pm is appropriate, no hot sun at midday to prevent spraying.
Seven, flowering maintenance: Do not spray water on the flowers during flowering, to prevent early flowering and aroma disappeared, the jasmine pot should be moved to shelter from rain.
The jasmine is very hilar. With good conservation, potted jasmine can be opened three times a year. If it is lack of fertilizer, nutrients are not enough, after opening a flower, it will no longer bloom. If management is in place, it can be kept open from the end of May to the beginning of November. The key is the mastery of pruning, sunlight, and fertilizer.
How to bloom more, please do this. The whole room is very fragrant.
To make potted jasmine more flowering, take the following measures:
1. Trim. Jasmine is the most prosperous flowering seedlings in 3-6 years, and then senescence year after year. Before the sprouting of the Spring Festival, the branches of the last year can be cut appropriately, leaving the base 10 to 15 centimeters, so that the majority of stout new shoots occur, such as the new branches are very prosperous, should pick up the heart when growing up to 10 centimeters, promote secondary shoots, then flowering Many, and compact type, high ornamental value. Note: Pruning should be done on a sunny day, can be combined with sparse leaves, the diseased branches removed, and the plants can be adjusted to facilitate growth and bud blossom.
2. Fertilization. Jasmine is a plant that has been plucked many times a year, has multiple birth buds, and has an annual flowering period. Therefore, it requires a large amount of fertilizer to maintain sufficient fertility in potted soil. This is an important guarantee for the flowering of jasmine. Potted jasmine forced organic fertilizer is better, but it is best to use decomposed human excrement, or human feces and urine mixed with chicken duck dung, pig manure, bean cakes, cakes (all must be cooked). The fertilization time is best when the potted soil is just white, and small dry cracks appear just around the surface of the basin wall. When the shoots begin to germinate, dilute manure (feces, water 1:9) can be used to pour once every 7 days. When the flowering is fast, the concentration of manure can be increased. Pouring once every 3 days. When the second and third batches of flowers are opened, due to suitable temperatures, flowering, and vigorous growth can be applied once or twice a day. Gradually control the fertilizer and water afterwards to prevent the plants from prospering and the tissue is tender and difficult to pass through the winter.
Jasmine can extract jasmine oil, slice dried in the summer; summer and autumn flowers, dried for use. With Xin, Gan, cool, heat detoxification, dampness effect.
It can also be used as jasmine tea. According to the unique adsorption properties of tea and the spitting properties of jasmine, the jasmine tea processed through a series of technological processes can not only maintain the refreshing natural tea flavor of green tea, but also contain the fresh and aromatic aroma of jasmine flowers. Therefore, it is the best modern natural health drink in China and even in the world. Jasmine essential oils, jasmine perfumes, etc.
The jasmine is clean, rich and clear. Its flower language is loyal, respectful, pure, chaste, rustic, exquisite and charming. Many countries regard it as a flower of love. Young men and women send jasmine to each other to express their love. It also serves as a flower of friendship, passing among people. Laying the jasmine garland on the neck of the guest so that it hangs down to his chest, showing respect and friendship, becoming a warm and hospitable etiquette.
The jasmine flower language is functional, you are mine, because its scent is charming, and many people will treat her like an ornament. At weddings and other solemn occasions, it is also a very appropriate decorative flower. It is also often used in bridal bouquets. Jasmine tea is a highly concentrated tea. However, the real flower used in this kind of tea is another flower that is very similar to the jasmine variety. The clear appearance makes it hard to imagine that she has such a sweet and mellow flower. Exudes a "functional" aroma as its flower speaks. Therefore, since ancient times, it is one of the main raw materials in various perfumes.